Comorbidity among axis II diagnoses was common. Subjects met the criteria for an average of 2.4 personality disorder diagnoses (SD=1.6). The subjects with borderline personality disorder were more likely than those without borderline personality disorder to meet the criteria for histrionic (29.2% versus 5.6%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (30.6% versus 15.7%; ? 2 =5.59, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.5% versus 3.7%; ? 2 =4.98, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with paranoid personality disorder were more likely than those without paranoid personality disorder to meet the criteria for schizotypal (49.2% versus 20.5%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (33.3% versus 15.4%; ? 2 =7.77, df=1, p=0.005), histrionic (23.5% versus 10.3%; ? 2 =5.90, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.7% versus 4.3%; ? 2 =4.34, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with borderline personality disorder had a higher number of personality disorder diagnoses (other than borderline personality disorder) than subjects without borderline personality disorder (mean=2.3 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–2.35, df=178, p=0.02). Subjects with paranoid personality disorder also had a higher number of personality disorders (other than paranoid personality disorder) than subjects without paranoid personality disorder (mean=2.5 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–3.44, df=178, p=0.001).
Stress when you look at the Young people otherwise Puberty
Table dos suggests the latest incidence regarding connection with traumatization through the youth/adolescence when you look at the sufferers with and you will versus borderline identification illness. Sufferers with borderline identification illness had notably large pricing from bodily abuse inside the young people/adolescence than sufferers as opposed to borderline identity problems, which have intercourse regulated (52.8% rather than 34.3%; ? dos =5.43, df=1, p=0.02), although organizations don’t differ in their prices regarding sexual discipline (29.2% rather than 19.4%; ? dos =step 1.46, df=1, p=0.23) otherwise out of other sorts of shock from inside the childhood/adolescence.
Victims with paranoid identification illness in addition to had a dramatically high rate away from physical punishment inside the youth/adolescence than just subjects instead of paranoid identity infection, with sex managed (54.0% in the place of 35.0%; ? dos =5.70, df=step 1, p=0.02). 4% instead of twenty-two.2%; ? dos =0.23, latinamericancupid df=1, p=0.63) otherwise away from other kinds of upheaval in childhood/puberty. This new associations off youth/teenage bodily punishment having borderline identity disease sufficient reason for paranoid identity infection was basically together with tested by using each of the most other character diseases diagnoses once the additional covariates, as well as the overall performance was in fact statistically similar.
Subjects with antisocial identification disorder was basically likely to be than others as opposed to antisocial personality sickness for become bereaved in childhood (53.8% instead of 21.0%; ? 2 =7.67, df=step 1, p=0.006). Not one of one’s other types of character disorder are rather and positively from the sexual abuse, real punishment, or all other sorts of stress when you look at the young people/puberty.
Injury in the Adulthood
The newest pricing of exposure to upheaval in the adulthood within the subjects which have and you may as opposed to borderline character illness also are found in the Desk dos. Borderline character disease was not significantly of this actual violence, sexual assault, and other particular traumatization into the adulthood, as we grow old and you may sex regulated. Victims that have paranoid character disorder was in fact a whole lot more more than likely than those without paranoid personality infection getting experienced real physical violence inside adulthood, as we grow old and sex regulated (33.0% as opposed to 17.9%; ? 2 =4.84, df=1, p=0.03). Those with paranoid identification sickness and had highest rates from injuries/burns off (63.5% in the place of 47.0%; ? 2 =4.86, df=step one, p=0.03) and you can handle (9.5% versus step one.7%; ? dos =six.forty-eight, df=1, p=0.01) than others with no ailment, but these distinctions were not statistically tall following outcomes of multiple evaluations have been regulated. Not one of the other sorts of character disease is significantly related with whatever traumatization into the adulthood.
Frequency from PTSD
New life frequency out-of PTSD inside number of subjects was 17.8% (N=32). The rates out-of PTSD in females (19.0%, N=12) and you may males (17.1%, N=20) were not rather some other (? dos =0.11, df=step 1, p=0.74). PTSD is actually most typical in sufferers with paranoid (29%) and you will borderline (25%) identity disorder, and the very least common when you look at the victims having narcissistic (10%) and passive aggressive (12%) character infection. Into left style of character disorder, the new incidence off PTSD ranged of fourteen% so you can 18%. Sufferers having and you can as opposed to PTSD don’t differ inside their overall level of identification infection diagnoses (mean=dos.5, SD=1.dos, in place of indicate=dos.4, SD=step one.6; t=–0.thirty six, df=178, p=0.72).